Welcome to the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Florida International University (FIU), Miami, directed by Dr. Anthony Dick. The laboratory conducts leading research on how children’s brains develop as they learn language and problem solving skills. We use safe and non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to learn about brain development. Our research is supported by active grants from the NIH (R01MH112588; R01DK119814; R56MH108616; U01DA041156) and from the National Science Foundation (NSF1806045), and our findings are published in major scientific journals and help to inform educational and mental health policy. Please use the links above to navigate the site!


  • The DCN Lab (with Dr. Jon Comer from the MINT Lab) has received a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to study the neural and behavioral response to Hurricane Irma! More information is here!
  • Our new graduate developmental science text is out (with Ulrich Müller). Order it here!
  • The Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, in collaboration with the S.E.L.F-Regulation Lab (directed by Dr. Paulo Graziano), has been awarded three grants from the NIH (R01MH112588, R56MH108616, R01DK119814) to conduct a large scale neuroimaging study investigating the neurobiology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in very young children. More details here!

  • The Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory and colleagues at FIU are taking part in a landmark study of brain development, the NIDA funded Adolescent Brain and  Cognitive Development study. Click here for more information!
  • Florida International University has a new research-dedicated MRI magnet!! Click here for the full story!

Recent Publications (last five years)


Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. Eds. (2018). Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method. New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

BioRxiv/PsyArXiv Preprints/Under Review

Lee, J. C., Dick, A. S., & Tomblin, J. B. (2019). Altered brain structures in the dorsal and ventral language pathways in individuals with and without Developmental Language Disorder (DLD).

Sibley, M., Ortiz, M., Graziano, P., Dick, A., S., & Estrada, E. (2019). Metacognitive and motivation deficits, exposure to trauma, and high parental demands characterize adolescents with late-onset ADHD.

Dajani, D. R., Odriozola, P., Winters, M., Voorhies, W., Marcano, S., Baez, A., Gates, K. M., Dick, A. S., & Uddin, L. Q. (2019). Cognitive flexibility: From task validity to individual connectome mapping.

Hagler, D., Hatton, S. N., Makowski, C., Cornejo, D., Fair, D. A., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Casey, B. J., Barch, D. M. et al., (2018). Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study.

Published Peer Reviewed Articles, Chapters, and Other Formats

Dick, A. S., Garcia, N. L., Pruden, S. M., Thompson, W. K., Hawes, S. W., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M., Laird, A., & Gonzalez, R. (2019). No bilingual advantage for executive function: Evidence from a large sample of children in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Nature Human Behavior. https://psyarxiv.com/gjh95

Nomi, J. S., Marshall, E., Zaidel, E., Biswal, B., Castellanos, F. X., Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q., & Mooshagian, E. (2019). Diffusion-weighted imaging evidence of extra-callosal pathways for interhemispheric communication after complete commissurotomy. Brain Structure and Function.`

Broce, I.**, Bernal, B., Altman, N., Bradley, C., Baez, N., Cabrera, L., Hernandez, G., De Feria, A., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children. Brain and Cognition. (PDF)

Broce, I.**, Bernal, B., Altman, N., Bradley, C., Baez, N., Cabrera, L., Hernandez, G., De Feria, A., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children. Brain and Cognition. (PDF)

Dick, A.S., Garic, D., Graziano, P., & Tremblay, P. (2019). The frontal aslant tract (FAT) and its role in speech, language, and executive function. Cortex, 111, 148-163. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/01/22/249912 and https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.015

Garic, D.**, Broce, I.**, Graziano, P., Mattfeld, A. & Dick, A. S. (2019). Laterality of the frontal aslant tract (FAT) explains externalizing behaviors through its association with executive function. Developmental Science. (PDF)

Tremblay, P. T., Perron, M., Deschamps, I., Kennedy-Higgins, D., Houde, J-C., Dick, A. S., & Descoteaux, M. (2019). A diffusion MRI study on the role of the arcuate and middle longitudinal fasciculi in the aging of speech perception in noise. Human Brain Mapping, 40, 226-241. (PDF)

Casey, B.J., Cannonier, T., Conley, M., Cohen, A. O., Barch, D., Heitzig, M., Soules, M., Teslovich, T., Dellarco, D., Garavan, H., Orr, C., Wager, T., Banich, M., Speer, N., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M. C., Dick, A. S., Bjork, J., Burgess, G. C., Thomas, K. M., Charaani, B., Mejia, M. H., Hagler, D., Sicat, C. S., Harms, M., Dosenbach, N., Earl, E., Bartsch, H., Watts, R., Polimeni, J., Kuperman, J., Fair, D., & Dale, A. and the ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup (2018). The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study: Functional imaging acquisition across sites. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 32, 43-54. (PDF)

Nazareth, A.**, Dick, A. S., Killick, R., & Pruden, S. (2018). Strategy selection versus flexibility: Using eye-trackers to investigate strategy use during mental rotation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.

Comer, J. S., del Busto, C., Dick, A. S., Furr, J. M., & Puliafico, A. C. (in press). Adapting PCIT to treat anxiety problems in young children: The CALM Program. In L. Niec (Ed.), Handbook of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Innovations and applications for research and practice. New York: Springer.

Nomi, J.S., Schettini, E., Broce, I.**, Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q. (2018). Structural connections of functionally-defined human insular subdivisions. Cerebral Cortex, 28, 3445-3456.

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2018). Broca and Wernicke are dead: The new neurobiology of language. Psychology Review, 23, 18-21.

Tremblay, P., Deschamps, I., & Dick, A. S. (in press). Neurocognitive organization of articulatory and motor processes in speech. In M. Miozzo, G. de Zubicaray, & S. Schiller (Eds.). Oxford handbook of neurolinguistics. Oxford University Press.

Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. (2018). Introduction: Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and Method. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method. London: Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group.

Dick, A. S. (2018). The ontogenesis of neural networks from a network science perspective. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method. London: Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group.

Tremblay, P. & Dick, A.S. (2017) Language and the brain: what we have learned from 30 years of brain imaging. Contact Magazine, the official newsletter of the Teachers of English as a Second Language of Ontario.

Vias, C., & Dick, A. S. (2017). Cerebellar contributions to language in typical and atypical development: A review. Developmental Neuropsychology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/87565641.2017.1334783 (PDF)

Tremblay, P., & Dick, A. S. (2016). Broca and Wernicke are dead: Or, moving past the Classic Model of language neurobiology. Brain and Language, 162, 60-71. (PDF)

Dick, A. S., & Broce, I. (2016). The neurobiology of gesture and its development. In G. Hickok and S. L. Small (Eds.) Neurobiology of language (pp. 389-398). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Broce, I., Bernal, B., Altman, N., Tremblay, P., & Dick, A. S. (2015). Fiber tracking of the frontal aslant tract and subcomponents of the arcuate fasciculus in 5-8-year-olds. Brain and Language, 149, 66-76.(PDF) (Supplemental Materials)

Riedel, M., Ray, K. L., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Hernandez, Z., Fox, P. M., Eickhoff, S. B., Fox, P. T., & Laird, A. R. (2015). Meta-analytic connectivity and behavioral parcellation of the human cerebellum. NeuroImage, 117, 327-342. (PDF)

Dick, A. S., & Small, S. L. (2015). Structural and functional components of brain networks for language. In A. Toga (Ed.) Brain mapping: An encyclopedic reference (pp. 653-659). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Hasson, U., Llano, D., Miceli, G., & Dick, A. S. (2014). Does it talk the talk? On the role of basal ganglia in emotive speech processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (Commentary), 37, 556-557.

Dick, A. S., Bernal, B., & Tremblay, P. (2014). The language connectome: New pathways, new concepts. The Neuroscientist, 20, 453-467.(PDF)(Corrigendum for Figure 1)

Dick, A. S. (2014). The development of cognitive flexibility beyond the preschool period: An investigation using a modified Flexible Item Selection Task (FIST). Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 125, 13-34. (PDF) (Stimuli used in study)

Dick, A. S., Mok, E., Raja Beharelle, A., Goldin-Meadow, S., & Small, S. L. (2014). Frontal and temporal contributions to understanding the iconic co-speech gestures that accompany speech. Human Brain Mapping, 35, 900-917.(PDF) (Supplemental Materials)

Garcia, C.*, & Dick, A. S. (2013). Stuck in the moment: Cognitive inflexibility in preschoolers following an extended time period. Frontiers in Psychology: Developmental Psychology, 4:959. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00959

Tremblay, P., Dick, A. S., & Small, S. L. (2013). Functional and structural aging of the speech sensorimotor neural system: fMRI evidence. Neurobiology of Aging, 34, 1935-1951.

Dick, A. S., & Andric, M. (2013). The neurobiology of receptive-expressive language interdependence (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 352-353.

Dick, A. S., Raja Beharelle, A., Solodkin, A., & Small, S. (2013). Interhemispheric functional connectivity following pre- or perinatal brain injury predicts receptive language outcome. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33, 5612-25.

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2012). Beyond the arcuate fasciculus: Consensus and controversy in the connectional anatomy of language. Brain, 135, 3529-3550.

Nominated for F1000Prime: Vitali P and Caverzasi E: F1000Prime Recommendation of [Dick AS and Tremblay P, Brain 2012, 135(Pt 12):3529-50]. In F1000Prime, 18 Feb 2013; DOI: 10.3410/f.717977252.793470799. F1000Prime.com/717977252#eval793470799

Dick, A. S. (2012). Sources of cognitive inflexibility in set-shifting tasks: Insights into developmental theories from adult data. Journal of Cognition and Development, 13, 82-110. DOI: 10.1080/15248372.2011.573516.

Dick, A. S., Goldin-Meadow, S., Solodkin, A., & Small, S. L. (2012). Gesture in the developing brain. Developmental Science, 15, 165-180. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01100.x .

Mashal, N., Solodkin, A., Dick, A. S., Chen, E. E., Small, S. L. (2012). A network model of observation and imitation of speech. Frontiers in Cognition, 3, 1-12. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00084.

Read more Publications from the DCN Lab!