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Welcome to the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Florida International University (FIU), Miami, directed by Dr. Anthony Dick. The laboratory conducts leading research on how children’s brains develop as they learn language and problem solving skills (i.e., executive function). We use safe and non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to learn about brain development. Our research is supported by active grants from the NIH (R01MH112588; R01DK119814; U01DA041156; R01HD098152) and from the National Science Foundation (NSF2028680), and our findings are published in major scientific journals and help to inform educational and mental health policy. Please use the links above to navigate the site!

Projects

The DCN Lab is part of the landmark ABCD study, a multi-site study of brain and cognitive development in adolescents. More information is here!

The DCN Lab has been awarded two R01s with Dr. Paulo Graziano of the S.E.L.F-Regulation Lab) to conduct an extensive neuroimaging study of young children with ADHD! More information is here!
The DCN Lab, with Dr. Susan Tapert, has been awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation!

Books

Our book, with Dr. Ulrich Müller, is an advanced graduate text for students in developmental science.

Recent Publications (last five years)

Roles: * Undergraduate student; ** Graduate student; ^ Post-Bac

Books

Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. Eds. (2018). Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method. New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

BioRxiv/PsyArXiv Preprints/Under Review

Dick, A.S., **Farrant, K., Reeb-Sutherland, B., Pruden, S., & Mattfeld, A. (2021). Volumetric development of hippocampal subfields and hippocampal white matter connectivity: Relationship with episodic memory.

Öztekin, I., **Garic, D., Finlayson, M. A., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2021). Structural and diffusion-weighted brain imaging biomarkers for ADHD and its symptomology in very young (4-7-year-old) children.

Pelham, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., Guillaume, M., Dick, A. S., Sheth, C. S., Baker, F. C., Baskin-Sommers, A., Marshall, A. T., Lidahl, K. M., Breslin, F. J., van Rinsveld, A., & Brown, S. A. (2021). How does parental monitoring reduce adolescent substant use? Consideration of two potential mechanisms.

**Poudel, R., Tobia, M. J., Riedel, M. C., Salo, T., Flannery, J. S., Hill-Bowen, L. D., Dick, A. S., Laird, A. R., Parra, C. M., & Sutherland, M. T. (2021). Risky decision-making strategies mediate the relationship between amygdala activity and real-world financial savings among individuals from lower income households: A pilot study.

Pelham, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., Guillaume, M., Dick, A. S., Sheth, C. S., Baker, F. C., Baskin-Sommers, A., Marshall, A. T., Lidahl, K. M., Breslin, F. J., van Rinsveld, A., & Brown, S. A. (2021). Parental monitoring and depressive symptoms during adolescence: Transdiagnostic protective factor or spurious association?

Guillaume, M. J.,…Dick, A. S., et al., (2021). Remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic impacted learning time, school enjoyment, and parental involvement.

**Hare, M. M., Dick, A. S., Graziano, P. A. (2021). Adverse childhood experiences predict neurite density differences in young children with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

**Garcia, N., Dick, A. S., & Pruden, S. M. (2021). Contributions of executive function to spatial thinking in preschool children.

Barch, D. M., …Dick, A. S., et al., (2021). Demographic and mental health assessments in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study: Updates and Longitudinal Trajectories. https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2021.07.05.21260023v1

Stinson, E. A., …Dick, A. S., et al., Lisdahl, K. M. (2021). Longitudinal Impact of Childhood Adversity on Early Adolescent Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the ABCD Study® Cohort: Does Race or Ethnicity Moderate Findings?

Kiss, O., …Dick, A. S., et al., (2021). The pandemic’s toll on young adolescents: Prevention and intervention targets to preserve their mental health.

Marshall, A., …Dick, A.S., et al. (2021). Resilience during COVID-19: Socioeconomic disadvantage associated with higher positive parent-youth communication and youth disease-prevention behaviors.

Coccia, C., Lovan, P., Macchi, A., Coto, J., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2021). How much and what: Using a buffet to determine self-regulation of food intake among young school-age children.

**Garcia, N. L., Dick, A. S., Hayes, T., & Pruden, S. M. (2021). Direct and indirect effects of mother spatial ability: What role does the home environment play?

**Garcia, A., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2021). A multimodal assessment of emotion dysregulation in young children with and without ADHD. 10.31234/osf.io/z9emy

**Garcia, A., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2021). Examining emotion dysregulation in young children with and without ADHD: A transdiagnostic approach.

Hermanson, S., *Garcia, C., & Dick, A. S. (2021). Development of eye morphology relevant to gaze-cuing in the human infant.

Published Peer Reviewed Articles, Chapters, and Other Formats

Dick, A. S., **Silva, K., Gonzalez, R., Sutherland, M. T., Laird, A. R., Thompson, W. K., Tapert, S. F., Squeglia, L. M., Gray, K. M., Nixon, S., Cottler, L. B., La Greca, A. M., Gurwitch, R. H., & Comer, J. S. (2021). Neural vulnerability and hurricane-related media are associated with posttraumatic stress in youth. Nature Human Behavior. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.08.27.271056v1

**Garic, D., Yeh, F-C., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2021). In vivo Restricted-Diffusion Imaging (RDI) is sensitive to differences in axonal density in typical children and adults. Brain Structure and Function. (PDF)

Dick, A.S., et al…Thompson, W. K. (2021). Meaningful effects in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. NeuroImage, https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053811921005395.  

Byrd, A.L., Hawes, S.W., Waller, R., Delgado, M.R., Sutherland, M.T., Dick, A.S., Trucco, E. M., Riedel, M.C., Pacheco-Colón, I., Laird, A.R., & Gonzalez, R. (2021). Neural Response to Monetary Loss Among Youth with Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the ABCD Study. NeuroImage: Clinical

Silverman, M.R., Bennett, R., Feuerstahler, L., Stadterman, J., Dick, A.S., Graziano, P., & Roy, A.K. (2021). Measuring emotion dysregulation in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Revisiting the factor structure of the Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC). Behavior Therapy.

Lisdahl, K.M.,…Dick, A.S., et al., (2021). Substance use patterns in 9-10-year-olds: Baseline findings from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

Pelham, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., McCabe, C. J., Lisdahl, K. M., Alzueta, E. R., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., Dick, A. S., Dowling, G. J., Guillaume, M., Hoffman, E., Marshall, A. T., McCandliss, B. D., Sheth, C. S., Sowell, E. R., Thompson, W. K., Van Rinsveld, A. M., Wade, N. E., & Brown, S. A. (2021). Early adolescent substance use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal survey in the ABCD Study® cohort. Journal of Adolescent Health.

Öztekin, I., Finlayson, M., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2021). Is there any incremental benefit to conducting neuroimaging and neurocognitive assessments in the diagnosis of ADHD in young children? A machine learning investigation. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 49, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929321000578?via%3Dihub

De Bruin, A., Dick, A. S., & Carreiras, M. (2021). Clear theories are needed to interpret differences: Perspectives on the bilingual advantage debate. Neurobiology of Language.

Graziano, P., Garic, D., & Dick, A. S. (2021). Individual differences in white matter of the uncinate fasciculus and inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus: Possible early biomarkers for callous-unemotional behaviors in young children with disruptive behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.https://acamh.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcpp.13444

Herting, M. M., …Dick, A.S., et al. (2021). Mapping the early stages of pubertal development: Correspondence between physical development and hormone levels in 9-10-year-olds from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Frontiers in Endocrinology. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2020.549928

Li, W., … Dick, A. S., et al.,… Sugrue, L. (2021). Rates of incidental findings on brain MRI in children. JAMA Neurology.

Chaarani, B., … Dick, A. S., et al.,… Garavan, H. (2021). Brain function in the pre-adolescent brain: Results from the ABCD Study. Nature Neuroscience

Conley, M. I., Skalaban, L., Rapuano, K., Gonzalez, R., Laird, A., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M., Watts, R., & Casey, B. (2020). Altered hippocampal microstructure and function in children who experienced Hurricane Irma. Developmental Psychobiology.

Herting, M. M., …Dick, A.S., et al. (2020). Mapping the early stages of pubertal development: Correspondence between physical development and hormone levels in 9-10-year-olds from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Frontiers in Endocrinology.

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2020). Broca and Wernicke are dead: The new neurobiology of language. Republished in Curtis, A., & Satchwell, M., Psychology Review: A-Level Exam Skills and Practice. Hodder Education, UK.

Deschamps, I., Courson, M., Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2020). The phonological loop: Is speech special? Experimental Brain Research.

Hawes, S. W., Waller, R., Byrd, A. L., Bjork, J. M., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Riedel, M. C., Tobia, M. J., Thomson, N., Laird, A. R., & Gonzalez, R. (2020). Reward processing among children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the ABCD Study. American Journal of Psychiatry.

*Waller, R., *Hawes, S.W., Byrd, A.L., Dick, A.S., Sutherland, M.T., Riedel, M.C., Tobia, M.J., Bottenhorn, K.L., Laird, A.R., & Gonzalez, R. (2020). Conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, and regional gray matter volume in the ABCD study. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 5, 481-489
*authors contributed equally to this manuscript

Dajani, D. R., Odriozola, P., Winters, M., Voorhies, W., Marcano, S., Baez, A., Gates, K. M., Dick, A. S., & Uddin, L. Q. (2020). Measuring cognitive flexibility with the Flexible Item Selection Task: From fMRI adaptation to individual connectome mapping. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 1026-1045.

Lee, J. C., Dick, A. S., & Tomblin, J. B. (2020). Altered brain structures in the dorsal and ventral language pathways in individuals with and without Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). Brain Imaging and Behavior. 10.1007/s11682-019-00209-1 (PDF)

Sibley, M., Ortiz, M., Graziano, P., Dick, A., S., & Estrada, E. (2020). Metacognitive and motivation deficits, exposure to trauma, and high parental demands characterize adolescents with late-onset ADHD. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 4, 537-548.  

Hagler, D., Hatton, S. N., Makowski, C., Cornejo, D., Fair, D. A., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Casey, B. J., Barch, D. M. et al., (2019). Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. NeuroImage, 202, 116091.

Dick, A. S., Garcia, N. L.**, Pruden, S. M., Thompson, W. K., Hawes, S. W., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M., Laird, A., & Gonzalez, R. (2019). No evidence for a bilingual executive function advantage in the ABCD study. Nature Human Behavior, 3, 692-701. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-019-0609-3 https://psyarxiv.com/gjh95  

Nomi, J. S., Marshall, E., Zaidel, E., Biswal, B., Castellanos, F. X., Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q., & Mooshagian, E. (2019). Diffusion-weighted imaging evidence of extra-callosal pathways for interhemispheric communication after complete commissurotomy. Brain Structure and Function, 224, 1897-1909.

Broce, I.**, Bernal, B., Altman, N., Bradley, C., Baez, N., Cabrera, L., Hernandez, G., De Feria, A., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children. Brain and Cognition, 134, 80-89.

Dick, A.S., Garic, D.**, Graziano, P., & Tremblay, P. (2019). The frontal aslant tract (FAT) and its role in speech, language, and executive function. Cortex, 111, 148-163. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/early/2018/01/22/249912 and https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.015  

Garic, D.**, Broce, I.**, Graziano, P., Mattfeld, A. & Dick, A. S. (2019). Laterality of the frontal aslant tract (FAT) explains externalizing behaviors through its association with executive function. Developmental Science, 22, e12744.

Tremblay, P. T., Perron, M., Deschamps, I., Kennedy-Higgins, D., Houde, J-C., Dick, A. S., & Descoteaux, M. (2019). A diffusion MRI study on the role of the arcuate and middle longitudinal fasciculi in the aging of speech perception in noise. Human Brain Mapping.

Comer, J. S., del Busto, C., Dick, A. S., Furr, J. M., & Puliafico, A. C. (2019). Adapting PCIT to treat anxiety problems in young children: The CALM Program. In L. Niec (Ed.), Handbook of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Innovations and applications for research and practice. New York: Springer.  

Tremblay, P., Deschamps, I., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Neurocognitive organization of articulatory and motor processes in speech. In M. Miozzo, G. de Zubicaray, & S. Schiller (Eds.). Oxford handbook of neurolinguistics. Oxford University Press.  

Nazareth, A.**, Dick, A. S., Killick, R., & Pruden, S. (2018). Strategy selection versus flexibility: Using eye-trackers to investigate strategy use during mental rotation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45, 232-245.

Casey, B.J., Cannonier, T., Conley, M., Cohen, A. O., Barch, D., Heitzig, M., Soules, M., Teslovich, T., Dellarco, D., Garavan, H., Orr, C., Wager, T., Banich, M., Speer, N., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M. C., Dick, A. S., Bjork, J., Burgess, G. C., Thomas, K. M., Charaani, B., Mejia, M. H., Hagler, D., Sicat, C. S., Harms, M., Dosenbach, N., Earl, E., Bartsch, H., Watts, R., Polimeni, J., Kuperman, J., Fair, D., & Dale, A. and the ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup (2018). The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study: Functional imaging acquisition across sites. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 32, 43-54.

Nomi, J.S., Schettini, E., Broce, I.**, Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q. (2018). Structural connections of functionally-defined human insular subdivisions. Cerebral Cortex, 28, 3445-3456.

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2018). Broca and Wernicke are dead: The new neurobiology of language. Psychology Review, 23, 18-21.

Dick, A. S. (2018). The ontogenesis of neural networks from a network science perspective. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method (pp. 65-78). New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.  

Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. (2018). Introduction: Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and Method. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method (pp. 1-12). New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.  

Tremblay, P. & Dick, A.S. (2017) Language and the brain: what we have learned from 30 years of brain imaging. Contact Magazine, the official newsletter of the Teachers of English as a Second Language of Ontario43, 30-36.  

Vias, C.**, & Dick, A. S., (2017). Cerebellar contributions to language development: A review. Developmental Neuropsychology, 42, 404-421.

Tremblay, P., & Dick, A. S. (2016). Broca and Wernicke are dead: Or, moving past the Classic Model of language neurobiology. Brain and Language, 162, 60-71.

Dick, A. S., & **Broce, I. (2016). The neurobiology of gesture and its development. In G. Hickok and S. L. Small (Eds.) Neurobiology of language (pp. 389-398). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Dick, A. S., & Small, S. L. (2015). Structural and functional components of brain networks for language. In A. Toga (Ed.) Brain mapping: An encyclopedic reference (pp. 653-659). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.  

Broce, I.**, Bernal, B., Altman, N., Tremblay, P., & Dick, A. S. (2015). Fiber tracking of the frontal aslant tract and subcomponents of the arcuate fasciculus in 5-8-year-olds. Brain and Language, 149, 66-76.

Riedel, M., Ray, K. L., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Hernandez, Z., Fox, P. M., Eickhoff, S. B., Fox, P. T., & Laird, A. R. (2015). Meta-analytic connectivity and behavioral parcellation of the human cerebellum.  NeuroImage, 117, 327-342.

Hasson, U., Llano, D., Miceli, G., & Dick, A. S. (2015). Does it talk the talk? On the role of basal ganglia in emotive speech processing (Commentary). Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 556-557.  

Read more Publications from the DCN Lab!