Welcome to the Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Florida International University (FIU), Miami, directed by Dr. Anthony Dick. The laboratory conducts leading research on how children’s brains develop as they learn language and problem solving skills (i.e., executive function). We use safe and non-invasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to learn about brain development. Our research is supported by active grants from the NIH (R01MH112588; R01DK119814; U01DA041156; R01HD098152) and from the National Science Foundation (NSF2028680), and our findings are published in major scientific journals and help to inform educational and mental health policy. Please use the links above to navigate the site!


The DCN Lab is part of the landmark ABCD study, a multi-site study of brain and cognitive development in adolescents. More information is here!

The DCN Lab has been awarded two R01s with Dr. Paulo Graziano of the S.E.L.F-Regulation Lab) to conduct an extensive neuroimaging study of young children with ADHD! More information is here!
See our publications and press releases on research supported by the National Science Foundation!


Our book, with Dr. Ulrich Müller, is an advanced graduate text for students in developmental science.

Recent Publications (last five years)

Roles: * Undergraduate student; ** Graduate student; ^ Post-Bac


Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. Eds. (2018). Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method. New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

BioRxiv/PsyArXiv Preprints/Under Review

Vieites, V., Ralph, Y., Reeb-Sutherland, B., Dick, A. S., Mattfeld, A. T., & Pruden, S. M. (2022). Hippocampal volume, neurite density and trace eye-blink conditioning in young children. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2022.01.03.474711v1  

Kiss, O., Nagata, J. M., Dick, A. S., & Baker, F. (2021). Screen time and sleep in adolescents before and across the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Garcia, N. L., Dick, A. S., Hayes, T., & Pruden, S. M. (2020). Direct and indirect effects of mother spatial ability: What role does the home environment play?

Garcia, A., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2020). A multimodal assessment of emotion dysregulation in young children with and without ADHD. 10.31234/osf.io/z9emy

Garcia, A., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2020). Examining emotion dysregulation in young children with and without ADHD: A transdiagnostic approach.

Hermanson, S., Garcia, C., & Dick, A. S. (2020). Development of eye morphology relevant to gaze-cuing in the human infant.

Published Peer Reviewed Articles, Chapters, and Other Formats

Öztekin, I., Garic, D., Bayat, M., Hernandez, M. L., Finlayson, M. A., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2022). Structural and diffusion-weighted brain imaging predictors of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and its symptomology in very young (4-7-year-old) children. European Journal of Neuroscience. http://doi.org/10.1111/ejn.15842 (PDF)

Pelham III, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., Wade, N. E., Lisdahl, K. M., Guillaume, M., Marshall, A. T., Van Rinsveld, A., Dick, A. S., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., Baskin-Sommers, A., Sheth, C. S., & Brown, S. A. (2022). Parental knowledge/monitoring and adolescent substance use: a causal relationship? Health Psychology.

Dick, A.S., Ralph, Y., Farrant, K., Reeb-Sutherland, B., Pruden, S., & Mattfeld, A. (2022). Volumetric development of hippocampal subfields and hippocampal white matter connectivity: Relationship with episodic memory. Developmental Psychobiology, 64, e22333. (PDF)

Hernandez, M. L., Spiegel, J. A., Coxe, S., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. A. (2022). Individual differences in germ spreading behaviors among children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: The role of executive functioning. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 47, 892-904.

Gonzalez, M.R., Brown, S., Pelham, W.E., Bodison, S.C., MCCabe, C., Baker, F., Breslin, F., Dick, A.S., Dowling, G.J., Guillaume, M.J., Hoffman, E.A., Lisdahl, K., Alzueta, E., Marshall, A.T., McCandliss, B.D., Van Rinsveld, A.M., Sheth, C.S., Sowell, E.R., Wade, N.E., Tapert, S. (2022). Family Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Risks of Financial Insecurity and Coping. Journal of Research on Adolescence

Garcia, N., Dick, A. S., & Pruden, S. M. (2022). Contributions of executive function to spatial thinking in preschool children. Infant and Child Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.2317

Poudel, R., Tobia, M. J., Riedel, M. C., Salo, T., Flannery, J. S., Hill-Bowen, L. D., Dick, A. S., Laird, A. R., Parra, C. M., & Sutherland, M. T. (2022). Risky decision-making strategies mediate the relationship between amygdala activity and real-world financial savings among individuals from lower income households: A pilot study. Behavioural Brain Research.

Hare, M. M.**, Dick, A. S., Graziano, P. A. (2022). Adverse childhood experiences predict neurite density differences in young children with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Developmental Psychobiology, 64, e22234. (PDF)

Graziano, P., Garic, D.**, & Dick, A. S. (2022). Individual differences in white matter of the uncinate fasciculus and inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus: possible early biomarkers for callous-unemotional behaviors in young children with disruptive behavior problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 63, 19-33. (PDF)

Guillaume, M., Toomarian, E.Y., Van Rinsveld, A, Baskin-Sommers, A.R., Dick, A.S., Dowling, G.J., Gonzalez, M. R., Hasak, L., Lisdahl, K.M, MArshall, A.T., Nguyen, Q.T.H, Pelham III, W.E., Pillai C., Sheth, C., Wang, A., Tapert, S.F., McCandliss, B.D. (2022) Negative impacts of pandemic induced at-home remote learning can be mitigated by parental involvement. Frontiers in Education, 7, 804191.

Coccia, C., Lovan, P., Macchi, A., Coto, J., Dick, A. S., & Graziano, P. (2022). How much and what: Using a buffet to determine self-regulation of food intake among young school-age children. Physiology and Behavior, 249:113745.

Marshall, A., Hackman, D., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., Brown, S. A., Dick, A.S., Gonzalez, M. R., Guillame, M., Kiss, O., Lisdahl, K. M., McCabe, C. J., Pelham, W. E., Sheth, C., Tapert, S. F., Van Rinsveld, A., Wade, N. E., Sowell, E. R. (2022). Resilience to COVID-19: Socioeconomic disadvantage associated with positive caregiver-youth communication and youth preventative actions. Frontiers in Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.734308

Dick, A. S., ^Silva, K., Gonzalez, R., Sutherland, M. T., Laird, A. R., Thompson, W. K., Tapert, S. F., Squeglia, L. M., Gray, K. M., Nixon, SJ., Cottler, L. B., La Greca, A. M., Gurwitch, R. H., & Comer, J. S. (2021). Neural vulnerability and hurricane-related media are associated with posttraumatic stress in youth. Nature Human Behaviour, 5, 1578-1589. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-021-01216-3  (PDF)

Dick, A.S., Lopez, D. A., Watts, A. L., Heeringa, S., Reuter, C., Bartsch, H., Fan, C. C., Kennedy, D. N., Palmer, C., Marshall, A., Haist, F., Hawes, S., Nichols, T. E., Barch, D. M., Jernigan, T. L., Garavan, H., Grant, S., Pariyadath, V., Hoffman, E., Neale, M., Stuart, E. A., Paulus, M. P., Sher, K. J., & Thompson, W. K. (2021). Meaningful effects in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study. NeuroImage, 239, 118262. (PDF) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811921005395?via%3Dihub#!

Pelham, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., Guillaume, M., Dick, A. S., Sheth, C. S., Baker, F. C., Baskin-Sommers, A., Marshall, A. T., Lisdahl, K. M., Breslin, F. J., Van Rinsveld, A., & Brown, S. A. (2022). Parental knowledge/monitoring and adolescents’ depressive symptoms: protective factor or spurious association? Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00896-9

Kiss, O., Alzueta, E., Yuksel, D., Pohl, K. M., de Zambotti, M., Müller-Oehring, E. M., Prouty, D., Durley, I., Pelham, W. E., McCabe, C. J., Gonzalez, M. R., Brown, S. A., Wade, N. E., Marshall, A. T., Sowell, E. R., Breslin, F. J., Lisdahl, K. M., Dick, A. S., Sheth, C. S., McCandliss, B. D., Guillaume, M., Van Rinsveld, A. M., Dowling, G. J., Tapert, S. F., & Baker, F. C. (2022). The pandemic’s toll on young adolescents: Prevention and intervention targets to preserve their mental health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 70, 387-395.

Barch, D. M., Albaugh, M. D., Baskin-Sommers, A., Bryant, B. E., Clark, D. B., Dick, A. S., Feczo, E., Foxe, J. J., Gee, D. C., Giedd, J., Glantz, M. D., Hudziak, J. J., Karcher, N. R., LeBlanc, K., Maddox, M., McGlade, E. C., Mulford, C., Nagel, B. J., Neigh, G., Palmer, C. E., Potter, A. S., Sher, K. J., Tapert, S. F., Thompson, W. K., & Xie, L. (2021). Demographic and mental health assessments in the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development Study: Updates and age-related trajectories. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 52, 101031. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929321001201 

Stinson, E. A., Sullivan, R. M., Peteet, B. J., Tapert, S. F., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., Dick, A. S., Gonzalez, M. R., Guillaume, M., Marshall, A. T., McCabe, C. J., Pelham, W. E., Van Rinsveld, A., Sheth, C. S., Sowell, E. R., Wade, N. E., Wallace, A. L., & Lisdahl, K. M. (2021). Longitudinal impact of childhood adversity on early adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in the ABCD Study® cohort: Does race or ethnicity moderate findings? Biological Psychiatry: Global Open Science. 2021 Sep 29. doi: 10.1016/j.bpsgos.2021.08.007

**Garic, D., Yeh, F-C., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2021). In vivo Restricted-Diffusion Imaging (RDI) is sensitive to differences in axonal density in typical children and adults. Brain Structure and Function, 226, 2689-2705. (PDF)

Byrd, A.L., Hawes, S.W., Waller, R., Delgado, M.R., Sutherland, M.T., Dick, A.S., Trucco, E. M., Riedel, M.C., Pacheco-Colón, I., Laird, A.R., & Gonzalez, R. (2021). Neural Response to Monetary Loss Among Youth with Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the ABCD Study. NeuroImage: Clinical, 32, 102810. 

Silverman, M.R., Bennett, R., Feuerstahler, L., Stadterman, J., Dick, A.S., Graziano, P., & Roy, A.K. (2021). Measuring emotion dysregulation in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Revisiting the factor structure of the Emotion Regulation Checklist (ERC). Behavior Therapy, 53, 196-207.

Lisdahl, K.M.,…Dick, A.S., et al., (2021). Substance use patterns in 9-10-year-olds: Baseline findings from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 227, 108946.

Pelham, W. E., Tapert, S. F., Gonzalez, M. R., McCabe, C. J., Lisdahl, K. M., Alzueta, E. R., Baker, F. C., Breslin, F. J., Dick, A. S., Dowling, G. J., Guillaume, M., Hoffman, E., Marshall, A. T., McCandliss, B. D., Sheth, C. S., Sowell, E. R., Thompson, W. K., Van Rinsveld, A. M., Wade, N. E., & Brown, S. A. (2021). Early adolescent substance use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal survey in the ABCD Study® cohort. Journal of Adolescent Health, 69, 390-397.

Öztekin, I., Finlayson, M., Graziano, P., & Dick, A. S. (2021). Is there any incremental benefit to conducting neuroimaging and neurocognitive assessments in the diagnosis of ADHD in young children? A machine learning investigation. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 49, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929321000578?via%3Dihub

De Bruin, A., Dick, A. S., & Carreiras, M. (2021). Clear theories are needed to interpret differences: Perspectives on the bilingual advantage debate. Neurobiology of Language, 2, 433-451. https://direct.mit.edu/nol/article/2/4/433/100565/Clear-Theories-Are-Needed-to-Interpret-Differences

Li, W., … Dick, A. S., et al.,… Sugrue, L. (2021). Rates of incidental findings on brain MRI in children. JAMA Neurology, 78, 578-587. (PDF)

Hawes, S. W., Waller, R., Byrd, A. L., Bjork, J. M., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Riedel, M. C., Tobia, M. J., Thomson, N., Laird, A. R., & Gonzalez, R. (2021). Reward processing among children with Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Callous-Unemotional Traits in the ABCD Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178, 333-342.

Chaarani, B., … Dick, A. S., et al.,… Garavan, H. (2021). Brain function in the pre-adolescents of the ABCD Study. Nature Neuroscience, 24, 1176-1186.

Conley, M. I., Skalaban, L., Rapuano, K., Gonzalez, R., Laird, A., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M., Watts, R., & Casey, B. (2020). Altered hippocampal microstructure and function in children who experienced Hurricane Irma. Developmental Psychobiology, 63, 864-877.

Herting, M. M., …Dick, A.S., et al. (2020). Mapping the early stages of pubertal development: Correspondence between physical development and hormone levels in 9-10-year-olds from the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. Frontiers in Endocrinology. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2020.549928/full

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2020). Broca and Wernicke are dead: The new neurobiology of language. Republished in Curtis, A., & Satchwell, M., Psychology Review: A-Level Exam Skills and Practice. Hodder Education, UK.

Deschamps, I., Courson, M., Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2020). The phonological loop: Is speech special? Experimental Brain Research, 238, 2307-2321.

*Waller, R., *Hawes, S.W., Byrd, A.L., Dick, A.S., Sutherland, M.T., Riedel, M.C., Tobia, M.J., Bottenhorn, K.L., Laird, A.R., & Gonzalez, R. (2020). Conduct problems, callous-unemotional traits, and regional gray matter volume in the ABCD study. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 5, 481-489
*authors contributed equally to this manuscript

Dajani, D. R., Odriozola, P., Winters, M., Voorhies, W., Marcano, S., Baez, A., Gates, K. M., Dick, A. S., & Uddin, L. Q. (2020). Measuring cognitive flexibility with the Flexible Item Selection Task: From fMRI adaptation to individual connectome mapping. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 1026-1045.

Lee, J. C., Dick, A. S., & Tomblin, J. B. (2020). Altered brain structures in the dorsal and ventral language pathways in individuals with and without Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). Brain Imaging and Behavior. 10.1007/s11682-019-00209-1 (PDF)

Hagler, D., Hatton, S. N., Makowski, C., Cornejo, D., Fair, D. A., Dick, A. S., Sutherland, M. T., Casey, B. J., Barch, D. M. et al., (2019). Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study. NeuroImage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116091

Sibley, M., Ortiz, M., Graziano, P., Dick, A., S., & Estrada, E. (2019). Metacognitive and motivation deficits, exposure to trauma, and high parental demands characterize adolescents with late-onset ADHD. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 4, 537-548.

Dick, A. S., Garcia, N. L.**, Pruden, S. M., Thompson, W. K., Hawes, S. W., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M., Laird, A., & Gonzalez, R. (2019). No evidence for a bilingual executive function advantage in the ABCD study. Nature Human Behavior, 3, 692-701. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41562-019-0609-3 (PDF)

Nomi, J. S., Marshall, E., Zaidel, E., Biswal, B., Castellanos, F. X., Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q., & Mooshagian, E. (2019). Diffusion-weighted imaging evidence of extra-callosal pathways for interhemispheric communication after complete commissurotomy. Brain Structure and Function, 224, 1897-1909.

Broce, I.**, Bernal, B., Altman, N., Bradley, C., Baez, N., Cabrera, L., Hernandez, G., De Feria, A., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Fiber pathways supporting early literacy development in 5-8-year-old children. Brain and Cognition, 134, 80-89. (PDF)

Dick, A.S., Garic, D.**, Graziano, P., & Tremblay, P. (2019). The frontal aslant tract (FAT) and its role in speech, language, and executive function. Cortex, 111, 148-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.015 (PDF)

Garic, D.**, Broce, I.**, Graziano, P., Mattfeld, A. & Dick, A. S. (2019). Laterality of the frontal aslant tract (FAT) explains externalizing behaviors through its association with executive function. Developmental Science, 22, e12744.

Tremblay, P. T., Perron, M., Deschamps, I., Kennedy-Higgins, D., Houde, J-C., Dick, A. S., & Descoteaux, M. (2019). A diffusion MRI study on the role of the arcuate and middle longitudinal fasciculi in the aging of speech perception in noise. Human Brain Mapping.

Comer, J. S., del Busto, C., Dick, A. S., Furr, J. M., & Puliafico, A. C. (2019). Adapting PCIT to treat anxiety problems in young children: The CALM Program. In L. Niec (Ed.), Handbook of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: Innovations and applications for research and practice. New York: Springer.

Tremblay, P., Deschamps, I., & Dick, A. S. (2019). Neurocognitive organization of articulatory and motor processes in speech. In M. Miozzo, G. de Zubicaray, & S. Schiller (Eds.). Oxford handbook of neurolinguistics. Oxford University Press.

Nazareth, A.**, Dick, A. S., Killick, R., & Pruden, S. (2018). Strategy selection versus flexibility: Using eye-trackers to investigate strategy use during mental rotation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45, 232-245.

Casey, B.J., Cannonier, T., Conley, M., Cohen, A. O., Barch, D., Heitzig, M., Soules, M., Teslovich, T., Dellarco, D., Garavan, H., Orr, C., Wager, T., Banich, M., Speer, N., Sutherland, M., Riedel, M. C., Dick, A. S., Bjork, J., Burgess, G. C., Thomas, K. M., Charaani, B., Mejia, M. H., Hagler, D., Sicat, C. S., Harms, M., Dosenbach, N., Earl, E., Bartsch, H., Watts, R., Polimeni, J., Kuperman, J., Fair, D., & Dale, A. and the ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup (2018). The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study: Functional imaging acquisition across sites. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 32, 43-54.

Nomi, J.S., Schettini, E., Broce, I.**, Dick, A. S., Uddin, L. Q. (2018). Structural connections of functionally-defined human insular subdivisions. Cerebral Cortex, 28, 3445-3456.

Dick, A. S., & Tremblay, P. (2018). Broca and Wernicke are dead: The new neurobiology of language. Psychology Review, 23, 18-21.

Dick, A. S. (2018). The ontogenesis of neural networks from a network science perspective. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method (pp. 65-78). New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

Dick, A. S., & Müller, U. (2018). Introduction: Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and Method. In A. S. Dick & U. Müller (Eds.) Advancing developmental science: Philosophy, theory, and method (pp. 1-12). New York and London: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group.

Read more Publications from the DCN Lab!